• Nebyly nalezeny žádné výsledky

Case Study – Latvia Dzintra Atstaja

4. Conclusions

energy efficient use of biogas is associated with establishment of two types of biogas systems: installation of biogas purification facilities to allow biogas to enter the pipelines for natural gas and energy efficient use of biogas in CHP plants, while producing heat and electricity;

use of wind energy in the Baltic Sea and on land is associated with the problem of efficient consumption of a high volume of produced electricity due to non-uniformity of wind speed, therefore the simultaneous construction of a wind farm and large accumulator plants (such as compressor plants) will provide the possibility of creating an energy efficient system;

use of solar power for heat and electricity production is associated with the purchase of relatively expensive technologies, however the fact that solar energy costs will always be zero is the leading aspect for the future prospects of solar stations;

expansion of smart power grids throughout Latvia will provide an opportunity to regularly inform the end users of the efficiency of energy consumption and options to reduce energy consumption [6].

„Latvia Green Energy Strategy 2050” has been developed by scientists of the Faculty of Energy and Electrical Engineering of the Riga Technical University, who have been actively calling upon the society during last five years to participate in the development processes of the energy sector and upon the government to coordinate the national energy policy.


[1] Anderson V. 2006, “Turning Economics Inside Out”, In International Journal of Green Economics, Volume 1, Nos. 1/2, Inderscience. Pp11-23, ISSN 1744-9928.

[2] Assadourian E. 2010, “The Rise and fall of consumer societies”. In State of the world 2010 (eds.: Starke, L. and Mastny, L.). London: Earthscan. Pp3-20.

[3] Atstaja D. 2010, “Environment friendly branches in Latvia from the point of view of sustainable development”. In 7 th international JTEFS/BBCC conference

"Sustainable development. Culture. Education." (Part II). Pp7-23, ISBN 978-9984- 14-512-9.

[4] Atstaja D., Dimante D., Brivers I., Malzubris J., Kenet M., Tambovceva, T., Sina, I., Livina, A., Ievins, J., Grasis, J., Pule, B., Abeltina, A. 2011, “Environment and Economy”. Monograph. (in Latvian) Riga: Academic Press of University of Latvia. Pp 215-217, ISBN 978-9984-45-371-2.

[5] Atstaja D., Dimante D., Livina A. „Public Activities in Developing Green Economy: Case Studies in Latvia”. Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference “Economic Science for Rural Development” Jelgava, LLU EF, 2012, ISSN 1691-3078. Pp 14-19.

[6] Blumberga D., Veidenbergs I., Rosa M. et.al. 2011 “Green Energy Strategy of Latvia”. Riga Technical University, Institute of Energy Systems and Environment.

Pp 14, downloaded from http://www.videszinatne.lv/index.php/raksti/

pasakumi/latvijas-zalas-energijas-strategija-2050 (last accessed January 19, 2012).

[7] Brizga J., Atstaja D., Dimante D. 2011, “Sustainable Cosumption and Production in the Baltic Sea Region”. Chinese Business Review, ISSN 1537-1506, November 2011, Vol. 10, No 11. Pp 1021-1042.

[8] Brizga J. 2008 “What NGO can do to influence environment policy?” (in Latvian), downloaded from http://www.zb-zeme.lv/sabiedribas-lidzdaliba/nv- darbibas-vides-politika (last accessed January 12, 2012).

[9] Brizga J., Lice E., Abolina K., Murins S., Dimante D., Atstaja D., Austers I.

2011, „Valuation of sustainable consumption: Latvia's project report in the EU 7th setting science programme's projects "Action Town" subproject "Valuation of Participation sustainable consumption and production policy" (in Latvian) Participatory SCP policy assessments. Pp 4-26.

[10] Brivers, I, Atstaja, D., et.al. 2010, „Economics-the environment-growth”//

Environment and Sustainable Development. Edited by Maris Klavins, Walter Leal Filho and Janis Zaloksnis. Riga : Academic Press of University of Latvia. Pp 29- 147, ISBN 978-9984-45-220-3.

[11] Daly H. 1991, Steady-State Economics. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: Island Press. Pp302.

[12] Dimante D. and Atstaja D. 2010, „The economies of the Baltic Sea Region in relation to green economics, with particular focus on Latvia: environmental sustainability and well-being’, Int. J. Green Economics, Vol. 4, No. 3. Pp 292–305., ISSN 1744-9928.

[13] Dimante D., Atstaja D. 2010, „Perspectives of Green Economics in Latvia”, In Proceedings of the 3rd International Scientific Conference „Solutions on

Harmonizing Sustainability and Nature Protection with Socio-economic Stability”

of Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences and Nature Conservation Agency North Vidzeme Bioshere Reserve of Valmiera, 19-20 August, 2010. Pp 45-52, ISBN 978- 9984-633-15-2.

[14] Hawken P., Lovins A., Lovins L.H. 1999, “Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution”, Little Brown and Company.

[15] Jackson T. 2009, “Prosperity without growth: Economics for a finite planet”.

London: Earthscan.

[16] Cabinet of Ministers regulation Nr 209, 2007, „Regulation of Environmental Consultative Council”, downloaded from http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?

id=155225 (last accessed November 21, 2011).

[17] Cabinet of Ministers regulation Nr. 970, 2009, “Public participation procedures for the development planning process”, downloaded from http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=197033 (last accessed November 21, 2011).

[18] Cabinet of Ministers regulation Nr. 816, 2011, “National Development Plan 2014-2020 Procedures of Development, Implementation, Monitoring and Public Consultation”, downloaded from http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=238460&

from=off (last accessed November 21, 2011).

[19] European regional/spatial planning Charter 1983.Torremolinos Cahrter.

Strasbourg: Council of Europe, downloaded from http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/

cultureheritage/heritage/cemat/versioncharte/Charte_bil.pdf (last accessed November 21, 2011).

[20] Gavena I., Jekale I. et.al. 2011, “The public consultations as the tool of coordination of interests municipalities, residents and business interests”(in Latvian) methodoligical material. Riga, VARAM, p. 70, downloaded from http://www.varam.gov.lv/lat/publ/met/?doc=14074 (last accessed December 12, 2011).

[21] Kennet M and Heinemann V., 2006, “Green Economics: Setting the Scene.

Aims, context, and philosophical underpinning of the distinctive new solutions offered by Green Economics”, International Journal of Green Economics, Volume 1, Nos. ½, Inderscience, pp.68-102, ISSN 1744-9928.

[22] Klavins M. and Zaloksnis J. “Development of university curricula and study material”. In Proc. The EcoRegion Perspectives, Innovation and Education for Sustainable Development (May 2011, Baltic 21 Series No. 3/2011). Pp 24-25, ISSN 1029-7790.

[23] Ministry of Environment Protection and Regional Development 2011,

“Information of Spatial Plans of self-governments”, downloaded from http://varam.gov.lv/lat/darbibas_veidi/tap/pasv/?doc=13378. (last accessed December 20, 2011).

[24] Spatial Planning Law (2011), downloaded from http://www.likumi.lv/

doc.php?id=238807 (last accessed November 21, 2011).

[25] Read R., 2007. „Economics is philosophy, economics is not science”, Int. J.

Green Economics, Vol. 1, Nos. 3/4, pp.307–325, ISSN 1744-9928.

[26] Rockström, J., W. Steffen, K. Noone, Å. Persson, F. S. Chapin, III, E. Lambin, T. M. Lenton, M. Scheffer, C. Folke, H. Schellnhuber, B. Nykvist, C. A. De Wit, T.

Hughes, S. van der Leeuw, H. Rodhe, S. Sörlin, P. K. Snyder, R. Costanza, U.

Svedin, M. Falkenmark, L. Karlberg, R. W. Corell, V. J. Fabry, J. Hansen, B.

Walker, D. Liverman, K. Richardson, P. Crutzen, and J. Foley. 2009. Planetary boundaries:exploring the safe operating space for humanity. Ecology and Society 14 (2): 32, downloaded from http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/

iss2/art32/ (last accessed March 21, 2011).

[27] The Parliament of the Republic of Latvia 2008, “Development Planning System law”, downloaded from http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=175748 (last accessed November 13, 2011).

[28] The Parliament of the Republic of Latvia 2006, “Environmental Protection law”, downloaded from http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=147917 (last accessed November 21, 2011).

[29] UNFCCC 2011, “Report on national greenhouse gas inventory data from Parties included in Annex I to the Convention for the period 1990–2009”, downloaded from http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2011/sbi/eng/09.pdf. (last accessed December 26, 2011).

[30] UNEP 2011, “Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication”. Green Economy Report, downloaded from www.unep.org/greeneconomy (last accessed December 15, 2011).

[31] VASAB secretariat 2010, “Long-Term Perspective for the Territorial Development of the Baltic Sea Region”, downloaded from http://www.

vasab.org/conference/upload/dokumenti/vasab_ltp_final.pdf (last accessed December 18, 2011).

Dzintra Atstaja

BA School of Business and Finance K.Valdemara 161, Riga LV–1013 Latvia



Dzintra Atstaja is Associated Professor at the Department of Entrepreneurship and IT in BA School of Business and Finance (Latvia), Doctor of Economy, Management Science (Entrepreneurship Manag- ement). She specializes in economics and sustainable development; more than twenty years experience in business consulting. She is a founder and board member of the Latvian Association of Economics and member of the European Society for the History of Economic Thought and SMART civil society organisation.

In document Journal of Tourism and Services (Stránka 52-56)